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Vessel Winch

A vessel winch is a type of mechanical device used on ships and other marine vessels to handle, control, and secure ropes or cables. It consists of a drum or spool that rotates to wind or unwind the rope or cable, along with various components such as gears, brakes, and controls. Vessel winches are commonly used for tasks like anchoring, mooring, towing, and lifting heavy loads.
Double Drum Electric Winch On Ship
Double Drum Electric Winch On Ship

Types of Vessel Winch

Vessel winches are indispensable components in maritime operations, designed to perform a range of critical tasks on ships and offshore platforms. They belong to marine winch and can be categorized based on their specific applications and structural configurations.

Types of Vessel Winch Based On Applications

The main types of winch vessel based on their applications are anchor winch, mooring winch and towing winch.

Anchor Winches are tailored for the precise deployment and retrieval of anchors. They play a pivotal role in ensuring a vessel’s stability and safety when anchored. These winches are commonly equipped with a single drum configuration, optimized for efficient handling of anchor cables.

marine hydraulic anchor winch
marine hydraulic anchor winch
hydraulic winch for sale
Top Quality Hydraulic Anchor Winch for Sale
marine drum winch machine
Marine Drum Winch for Anchoring and Mooring

Mooring Winches, on the other hand, are instrumental in securely fastening a vessel in a fixed position, such as when docking at a port or during offshore operations. They are crucial for maintaining a vessel’s stability. Mooring winches can come in both single and double drum configurations, providing flexibility in line management.

hydraulic mooring winch 3D
hydraulic mooring winch solution

Towing Winches find their primary application in towing operations, enabling vessels to tow or be towed safely. This is vital in salvage operations or when assisting disabled vessels. Towing winches are typically configured with a double drum, allowing for independent management of towlines.

hydraulic towing winch solution
hydraulic towing winch solution

Within these categories, there are further differentiations based on the number of drums used in the winch.

Types of Vessel Winch Based On Drum Configuration

Single Drum Vessel Winch

A single drum vessel winch consists of a single drum around which a wire rope or chain is wound. The winch is mounted on the deck of the vessel, allowing it to handle heavy loads and provide essential support during maritime operations.

hydraulic single drum mooring winch
hydraulic single drum mooring winch
single drum hydraulic mooring winch
single drum hydraulic mooring winch

One of the key advantages of a single drum winch vessel is its simplicity in design and operation. It is relatively easier to install and maintain compared to more complex winch systems.

electric single drum tugger winch
electric single drum tugger winch
single drum tugger winch
single drum tugger winch

Additionally, it is generally lighter in weight, which can be a crucial factor for smaller vessels with limited load-bearing capacity. Single drum winches are versatile and can be adapted to different vessel sizes and types, making them a popular choice for a wide range of maritime applications.

Double Drum Vessel Winch

A double drum vessel winch, on the other hand, features two separate drums, each wound with its own wire rope or chain. This design provides enhanced flexibility and efficiency during operations. The double drum configuration allows for simultaneous handling of multiple lines, enabling the winch to perform more complex tasks efficiently.

Electric Double Drum Winch
Electric Double Drum Winch
double drum electric winch
double drum electric winch

The primary advantage of a double drum winch vessel is its increased versatility and capability to handle a wider range of tasks. For example, it can be used for anchoring, towing, and mooring simultaneously, or even execute different maneuvers like heaving and paying out lines at the same time. This makes it a valuable asset for vessels engaged in more intricate maritime operations.

double drum electric winch
double drum electric winch

Ultimately, the choice between a single drum and double drum vessel winch depends on the specific requirements of the vessel and the complexity of the operations it will be engaged in. Both types have their unique advantages and are valuable tools in the maritime industry.

Waterfall Hydraulic Winch
Waterfall Double Drum Hydraulic Winch

Each type of winch in vessel serves a distinct and critical function in maritime operations, contributing to the overall safety, stability, and maneuverability of vessels. The choice among the choices above is determined by the specific requirements of the operation, ensuring that the winch is optimally suited to the task at hand.

Cases of Vessel Winch

30 Ton Mooring Winch for Vietnam

Our company recently exported six hydraulic mooring winches to Vietnam, each with a capacity of 30 tons. Mooring winches play a pivotal role in facilitating efficient mooring operations during the berthing process.

30 Ton Hydraulic Mooring Winch
30 Ton Hydraulic Mooring Winch

Our customers purchased 6 mooring winches which can combine as a six-point mooring system. It can help to ensure the steadiness of the ship at a certain point for offshore operation.


These hydraulic mooring winches for Vietnam have the hydraulic system. In this hydraulic system, power is generated by a hydraulic pump station and utilized by a hydraulic motor. Both components are sourced from reputable manufacturers, ensuring reliable performance.

Hydraulic Pump Station
Hydraulic Pump Station
Pump Station Motor
Pump Station Motor

Here is the technical parameter of these hydraulic mooring winches.

30 Ton Mooring WinchTechnical Parameter
Working load30T (1st layer)
Nominal speed12m/min (1st layer)
Drum capacityφ38mm×1000m (Totally 10 layers)
Holding load90T (Static 1st layer)
BrakeHydraulic Operated
ClutchHydraulic Operated
Dia. Of warping headφ400mm

The cable of the winch was carefully wrapped before shipment on the trucks. The mooring winches have been loaded in the containers for safe shipment. The hydraulic mooring winches reached their destination on time and our customers are satisfied.

Cable Before Shipment
Cable Before Shipment
Winch in The Container
Winch in The Container

8 Ton Hydraulic Towing Winch For New Caledonia

Aicrane successful delivered of a robust 8 ton hydraulic towing winch to New Caledoniato for our esteemed client. This high-performance winch is slated for installation on a cargo ship, poised to replace the customer’s aging equipment. Notably, the hydraulic towing winch has been customized to feature pneumatic and manual brakes, precisely meeting our client’s specifications.

8T Hydraulic Towing Winch
8T Hydraulic Towing Winch
Hydraulic Towing Winch
Hydraulic Towing Winch

In the initial stages of consultation, our customer apprised us of their need to replace a malfunctioning towing winch. Crucially, they highlighted that their hydraulic pump station was still operational, necessitating a winch without this component. To address this, our engineers meticulously examined the existing setup, ensuring seamless compatibility with the original foundation. Detailed drawings were provided and adjustments to the winch base were made, all in accordance with the customer’s preferences.

Hydraulic Towing Winch For Sale
Towing Winch To New Caledonia
Test Of The Control System
Test Of The Control System
Pneumatic Control
Pneumatic Control

Given the winch’s marine application, corrosion resistance was of paramount concern. To this end, an additional baseplate was integrated into the design, fortifying the winch against the rigors of maritime environments. Prior to dispatch, the 8-ton hydraulic winch underwent rigorous testing, performing admirably in our facilities. Our customer was provided with comprehensive videos showcasing both the production process and the winch in operation.

For safe transit, the entire hydrauic towing winch was securely packaged in a robust export wooden box, purpose-built to withstand any potential collisions during shipping. With our proficient shipping department at the helm, we guarantee a seamless transportation process, ensuring the winch arrives at its destination punctually and in pristine condition.

Delivery of 8 Ton Winch
Delivery of 8 Ton Winch

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Main Components of Vessel Winch

  • Drum: The drum is a cylindrical component around which the wire rope or chain is wound. It plays a pivotal role in storing and releasing the line during winching operations. Drums can come in single or double configurations, depending on the winch type and intended use.
  • single drum electric mooring winch
    single drum electric mooring winch
    double drum hydraulic mooring
    double drum hydraulic mooring winch
  • Wire Rope or Chain: This is the actual line that is wound around the drum. It provides the tensile strength required to lift, lower, or pull heavy loads. Wire ropes are commonly used due to their high strength-to-weight ratio and durability. Chains, on the other hand, are chosen for specific applications where their robustness is necessary.
  • Winch Motor: The winch motor is the power source that drives the winch mechanism. It provides the necessary torque and rotation to operate the drum, allowing it to wind or unwind the line. Electric motors are the most common choice for vessel winches due to their reliability and controllability.
  • motor for marine winch
    motor for marine winch
  • Braking System: The braking system is a crucial safety component that ensures the winch can stop and hold a load in position, preventing accidental release or movement. There are various types of brakes, including mechanical, hydraulic, and electromagnetic, each suited to specific applications.
  • Control System: The control system includes the switches, levers, or electronic controls used to operate the winch. It allows the operator to control the direction, speed, and tension of the line during lifting, lowering, or pulling tasks.
  • Electrical Control Cabinet
    Electrical Control Cabinet
    Control Panel of the winch
    Control Panel
  • Frame or Base: The frame or base serves as the structural support for the winch components. It is designed to withstand the forces exerted during winching operations and is typically secured to the deck or structure of the vessel.
  • Welding The Base
    Welding The Base
  • Power Source: Depending on the type of vessel, the winch may be powered by various sources, including electric, hydraulic, or pneumatic systems. The power source provides the necessary energy to drive the winch motor.
  • hydraulic mooring winches with pump station
    hydraulic mooring winches with pump station
  • Safety Features: Modern winch for vessel often comes equipped with safety features such as overload protection, emergency stop mechanisms, and fail-safe systems to ensure secure and reliable operation.
  • quick decoupling devices
    quick decoupling devices
    Quick decoupling device
    Quick decoupling device

These main components work together seamlessly to provide the lifting, lowering, and pulling capabilities required for a wide range of maritime applications. The selection and integration of these components are crucial to designing an efficient and reliable vessel winch system.

Vessel Winch Main Applications

Mooring Operation

Vessel winches are extensively used for mooring operations, which involve securely anchoring a ship in a harbor, dock, or other designated area. Mooring winches play a critical role in maintaining a vessel’s position, especially in areas with strong currents, tides, or changing weather conditions.

mooring operation
mooring operation

These winches allow ships to be safely held in place, ensuring they remain stable and stationary while loading or unloading cargo, as well as during passenger embarkation and disembarkation.

Positioning Operation

Positioning winch is a kind of mooring winch which is employed to control the movement and position of a vessel, often in conjunction with dynamic positioning systems (DPS).

hydraulic ship positioning winch
hydraulic ship positioning winch

Operations Require Precise Vessel Placement:

Dynamic Positioning: Positioning winches work in tandem with DPS to maintain a vessel’s desired position, heading, and orientation, even in adverse weather conditions or strong currents.

Subsea Operations: They assist in accurately positioning vessels over specific areas of interest, such as subsea installations, pipelines, or wreck sites, enabling efficient and controlled operations.

Offshore Construction: They are crucial in tasks like installing offshore platforms, ensuring precise placement and stability during the construction process.

Hydraulic Mooring Winch Solution
Hydraulic Positioning Solution

Anchor Handling

Anchor winches are specially designed to handle the deployment and retrieval of a vessel’s anchors. This is a fundamental operation for ships, ensuring they can safely anchor in open waters.

28mm Hydraulic Anchor Mooring Winch
28mm Hydraulic Anchor Mooring Winch
28mm Anchor Mooring Winch On The Ship
28mm Anchor Mooring Winch On The Ship

Anchor winches play a crucial role in the stability and safety of a vessel, especially in adverse weather conditions or when conducting operations like fishing, drilling, or surveying.

Towing Operations

Towing winches are employed in towing and salvage operations. They are used to control the towing lines and assist in pulling or guiding other vessels, barges, or structures. Tugboats and offshore support vessels frequently rely on powerful towing winches to maneuver and control the objects they tow.

hydraulic towing winch
hydraulic towing winch

These winches must provide high line pull capacity and precise control to ensure safe and effective towing operations.

Why Choose Aicrane To Purchase Your Vessel Winch

Choosing Aicrane for your winch in vessel needs offers a range of distinct advantages:

  • Customization: Aicrane specializes in providing tailored solutions. Whether you require a specific load capacity, drum configuration, or other specialized features, we can engineer a winch for vessel to meet your precise requirements.
  • Aicrane Customer Service Team
    Aicrane Customer Service Team
  • Diverse Range: We offer a wide selection of winches vessel , including mooring winches, positioning winches, anchor winches, and towing winches. This diversity ensures that you can find the ideal winch for your specific application.
  • Expert Engineering: With a team of experienced engineers and technicians, Aicrane ensures that every winch is designed and manufactured to the highest industry standards, meeting or exceeding regulatory requirements.
  • Aicrane Professional Engineers
    Aicrane Professional Engineers
  • Global Reach: Aicrane serves customers worldwide, with a track record of successful deliveries to various countries. Our global presence allows us to understand and cater to the diverse needs of the maritime industry.
  • Aicrane Subcompany in Uzbekistan
    Aicrane Subcompany in Uzbekistan
    Aicrane Subcompany in Indonesia
    Aicrane Subcompany in Indonesia
  • Comprehensive Support: From the initial inquiry to after-sales service, Aicrane provides comprehensive support. Our dedicated team is available to assist with installation, maintenance, and any technical queries you may have.
  • Project Consultant
    Project Consultant
  • Cost-Effective Solutions: We offer competitive pricing without compromising on quality. Aicrane strives to provide cost-effective solutions that offer excellent value for your investment.
  • Proven Track Record: Aicrane has a history of successfully delivering winches to a wide range of industries, including shipbuilding, offshore operations, ports, and more. Our satisfied customers are a testament to our commitment to quality and service.
  • Installation Team
    Installation Team

By choosing Aicrane, you’re not only investing in a high-quality vessel winch but also gaining a trusted partner in your marine operations. Our expertise, dedication to quality, and customer-centric approach set us apart in the industry.

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